Well, we know that pathophysiology of diabetes happen because there is high blood sugar level, high cholesterol and also have high blood pressure. Then when the insulin hormone is not balance in the body, diabetes can be scared disease that can attack the body.
This disease occurs when the body can not produce enough hormone insulin to help convert carbohydrates and sugar into energy. Or the others cause of diabetes is the body has had produced enough hormone insulin, but the body can’t use it efficiently. So, there is excess glucose in the blood stream. This condition leads to high level of blood sugar, high blood pressure, and also high cholesterol than becomes main factors cause diabetes.
More Detail About Pathophysiology of Diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, this happens because immune system damage and destroys the body. The immune system destroys beta cells in the pancreas so that it can’t produce insulin properly. Type 1 diabetes is also referred to as an autoimmune disease. This is because the immune system attacks the body itself. This usually occurs because of a family health history or descent.
Beside that, viruses also can be the cause of diabetes type 1. The damage caused by the disease usually does not take long, just a few days or weeks. And patients should receive routine medical check up and regular insulin therapy.
Then for type 2 diabetes, usually occurs because of several things. One of which is no insulin in the body that can change the digested food into energy. So it is only converted into glucose builds up in the bloodstream. This condition leads to have high level of blood sugar and cholesterol.
Insulin deficiency can occur this disease because there is a beta cells deficiency in the pancreas, so the beta cells can not produce enough insulin for the body. Beside that it could also be caused of no hypoglycemia, that make the performance of insulin in the body is not maximal in turn glucose into energy. But in many cases, obesity is the main cause of the disease.
In the gestational diabetes, this disease usually happens during pregnancy. This condition usually occurs when there is excessive counter-insulin hormones during pregnancy so can lead to insulin resistance. Beside that maybe there is damage insulin receptors on the mother’s body so make the blood sugar level higher and lead to pathophysiology of diabetes.