Before we talk about thegestational diabetes meal plan, of course I will explain you about the diabetes mellitus first. Diabetes happens as a result that comes froma lack of or insufficient production of insulin which is the hormone that helps the glucose gets into the cells.
In diabetes type 1, the pancreas cells that produce insulin are destroyed, so insulin is not produced. In diabetes type 2, the pancreas can produce insulin, but the body’s cells resist insulin, this makes the body must produce more insulin so that the glucose gets into the cells. At the time the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to keep normal sugar blood level; the diagnosis of diabetes is made.
Gestational diabetes is happening in about 2 percent of all the diabetes cases in the world. As the name suggests, first appeared of gestational diabetes is happening during the pregnancy. Hormones that include in the placenta which are estrogen, growth hormone, progesterone, corticotrophin or releasing hormone and prolactin are reducing the function of insulin and then become the result of high blood sugar.
The treatment with changing the dietary pattern or medical treatment medications are essentially needed to prevent the complications. Although the blood sugar level is normal after the birth, there are still many women that get gestational diabetes eventually become the diabetes type 2.
Gestational Diabetes Meal Planlike Diabetes Mellitus Therapy
The goal of nutrition therapy in diabetes management include controlling blood sugar at near-normal levels, the maintenance of blood pressure andhealthy cholesterol levels, and achieving a healthy weight. Adherence of a healthy diet, regular exercise, and using of medications when needed to achieve goals and help minimize the risk of complications.
Current guidelines from the American Diabetes Association recommend a calorie-controlled eating plan that uses a list of replacement foods that carbohydrate intake remained stable throughout the day and from day to day. These guidelines can be used asgestational diabetes meal planand also limit saturated fat and cholesterol.
The benefits of this approach include flexibility and the permissibility of most foods, although in limited quantities. The disadvantage includes the need of measuring the difficulty in restricting food and calories in the long run. Such a diet requires ongoing education and monitoring, which generally must be given by a licensed dietitian in a series of visits.
Gestational Diabetes Meal Planfor Treatment
Further studies are needed to establish optimaldietary interventionofgestational diabetes meal plan. Some evidence suggests that a diet with restriction of carbohydrates to 40 percent of calories, with fat providing 40 percent and protein provide the remaining 20 percent, improves blood sugar control and reduce the need for insulin injections. Future studies are needed to compare the reduction of carbohydrate diet with a diet low in fat, high in fiber, mainly vegan diet.
Vegan diet can lead to clinical benefits because there is no animal fat, and an increase in the quantity of food much less lead a substantial increase in the intake of saturated fats. While vegetarian or vegan diet may sound tight at first glance, their acceptance in clinical studies is similar to other types of diets. Because a vegan diet does not restrict servings, calories, or carbohydrates, this diet is simpler to follow than with regimens that limit the amount of certain foods.