What is diabetic ketoacidosis? It is a particular condition of body having consistently high blood sugar or glucose levels. It occurs when there is severe lack of insulin inside the body. It means that one’s body is no longer capable of using glucose for energy.
Instead, it uses alternative energy source by breaking down other body tissues. The by-product of this condition is known as Ketones, a poisonous chemical that builds up and causes the body becoming acidic.
How To Recognize DKA
Recognizing diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) can be done yourself. Be aware of any common symptoms that can appear anytime. DKA is associated with consistently high glucose level above 15mmol/1. If it occurs, you need to check for ketones.
Other common diabetes symptoms include blurry vision, thirst, frequently passing urine, feeling lethargic and tired, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, breathing changes, collapse or unconsciousness and smell of ketones. Usually, those having type 1 diabetes are most likely to develop this condition.
But, other peoples controlling diabetes condition can also experience this condition when they are severely ill.
This condition is most likely to appear when a person is during puberty, severely ill, not taken insulin for certain time and at diagnoses. It develops over 24 hours yet it can develop faster in young children.
When it happens, it is necessary to get hospital treatment and admissions before it gets to life-threatening status. The treatment involves closely monitored insulin, glucose and intravenous fluids.
Fortunately, DKA is often avoidable so it is important to manage condition under control. For those already having insulin injection in regular basis, it is necessary to always take the insulin and not missing the injection. Keeping check on blood glucose level is important to be aware of any unusual patterns. Consulting to healthcare is also necessary to prevent any episodes that can be life-threatening and life-disrupting.
In case you have the symptoms occurring in your body, it is necessary to do immediate action and responds. In this case, you should contact your doctor immediately because it can be fatal if it is left untreated. If absence of insulin injection is the reason behind the condition’s occurrence, then you have to inject extra insulin. This condition is also strongly linked to high sugar intake. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid sweet drink and drink unsweetened fluid instead. Be sure to replace meals containing carbohydrate to those that provide energy.