Insulin is a hormone which is produced by cells in the pancreas called beta cells. The role of Insulin is to help the body use blood glucose, that is a type of sugar,to produce energy. Unfortunately, people with type 2 diabetes do not produce enough insulin and/or their bodies do not respond properly to it, causing to elevated blood sugar levels. Oral diabetes medications list carrying blood sugar levels into the normal range through some various ways.
The use of Diabetes Medications List
Generally, oral diabetes medications are only used to treat type 2 or non-insulin-dependent diabetes. While ppatientswho have a type 1 diabetes are dependent on insulin for their treatment. These rule of medications have to be given more attention in order to there is no mistake in giving treatments.
Are there any differences among types of oral diabetes medications?
Medications that raise insulin production
The former oral diabetes drugs were the sulfonylureas. The function is to stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin. The precious of these drugs still supplied on the market is chlorpropamide /diabinese, that has been consumed during the latest fifty years. The 2nd generation after that sulfonylureas are taken once or twice per day. those contain glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL), gliburide (Micronase, DiaBeta, Glynase), and also glimepiride (Amaryl).
Meglitinides can also stimulate the production of more insulin from beta cells. Repaglinide (Prandine) and nateglinide (Starlix) are consumed first before each of three meals.
Medications that reduce glucose production and raise insulin sensitivity
A drug makes up the level of oral diabetes medications recognized as the biguanides, and that is metformin (Glucophage). The way it works is by reducing production of glucose by the liver and by making muscle more sensitive to insulin. The thiazolidinediones, rosiglitazone (Avandia) and pioglitazone (Actos), have the fuctions in similar way.
Medications that slow the breakdown of carbohydrates
Alpha-glycosidase inhibitors do approach the blood glucose case in a different technique. These medications slow the rise in blood sugar normally seen after having a meal by inhibiting the breakdown of starches in the intestine. For examples include acarbose (Precose) and meglitol Glyset).
Medications that raise insulin production and reduce glucose production
In the last class of oral diabetes medications is the DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin (Januvia). The role of the drug is inhibit the action of an enzyme in the body which leads to increase in insulin release. It also reduces the production of glucose by the liver. Those are all among the diabetesmedications list which can be used.