Oral glucose tolerance test or oral glucose tolerance or even oral glucose tolerance test pregnancy, OGTT was performed in cases of hyperglycemia is not clear; when glucose 140 – 200 mg/dl, or fasting glucose between 110 to126 mg/dl, or if there is glycosuria is not clear why. This test may be indicated in patients who are obese with a family history of diabetes mellitus; in patients with vascular disease, or neurological, or infections that do not clear why. It is also being indicated for diabetes in pregnancy (gestational diabetes).
Many of the mothers before pregnancy have no symptoms, but suffering glucose metabolism disorder during the pregnancy. It is important to carefully investigate glucose metabolism during pregnancy that showed glycosuria repeatedly, and also in pregnant women with a family history of diabetes, history of fetal death in pregnancy, or a history of having a baby with a birth weight more than four kg.
Diabetes screening should be performed on pregnant between the 26 to 32 weeks gestation. In those with a high risk screeningis recommended to be done early
Glucose Tolerance Test Pregnancy Factors That Influence The Result
Of course, just like the other medical test, glucose tolerance test pregnancy also has some factors that can influence the result of the test. They are the using of certain drugs, stress physically and emotionally, fever, trauma, infection, bed rest. Obesity includes in this factor also because it can increase the blood sugar level. Over activities and exercises and also vomiting can decrease the blood sugar level.
Hypoglycemic drugs also have the effect like over activities that can decrease the blood sugar level. Besides, the age also has the influence to the result test where the older people usually have higher blood sugar level than the mature age. Secretion of the insulin is decreasing because of the process of aging.
Glucose Tolerance Test Pregnancy Procedures
In doing glucose tolerance test pregnancy, there are procedures that must be passed through well in order to get the best result. For 3daysbeforethe testis done the patient should consume about 150 grams of carbohydrate seach day. The rapeutic drugs that can affect laboratory results should be stopped until the tests.
Several types of drugs that can affect the results of the laboratory is insulin, corticosteroids or cortisone, oral contraceptives, estrogen, anti convulsants, diuretics, thiazides, salicylates, ascorbicacid. In addition, people also abstain from drinking alcohol.
Lack of carbohydrates, inactivity or bed rest can disrupt glucose tolerance. There fore oral glucose tolerance test should not be performed on patients who are ill, or who are being treated should not be lying down on a bed, or a person with in adequate diets.
Before doing the oral glucose tolerance test the sufferer must have a fasting in about twelve hours. After that the taking of blood sample also must be did in several considerations that has been ruled as the test procedure.
The sufferer are also prohibited to drink coffee, tea, eating candy, smoking, walking around, and doing the heavy physical activities. The sufferer is only allowed to drink a plain water in oral glucose tolerance test pregnancy.